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 Reasons to Register Your Partnership Firms

Reasons to Register Your Partnership Firms

Partnership Firms

Many contemporary startups are adopting the structure of partnership firms as they continue to evolve. In India, the prevailing business models largely fall into two categories: proprietorship firms and partnership firms, with the latter being the more prevalent choice. The functioning of partnership firms in India is guided by the Indian Partnership Act of 1932.

Within a partnership firm, the prospects for achieving business success are notably promising. Partners collaborate by sharing their business concepts and compensating for each other’s individual shortcomings. However, akin to any entrepreneurial endeavor, there exists the possibility that the business might not thrive as initially envisioned. In more unfortunate scenarios, the firm’s lackluster performance could be attributed to one or more partners. In such instances, conflicts might emerge, potentially leading to legal recourse. This is precisely why establishing a registered partnership firm is advisable, as it serves as a prudent precautionary measure under such circumstances.

Advantages of Registering a Partnership Firm:

  1. Legal Recourse for Internal Disputes: Registration of a partnership firm grants partners the ability to seek legal remedies in case of conflicts among themselves, former partners, or the firm itself. This pertains specifically to matters defined by the partnership registration and rights established under the Partnership Act. Unregistered partnerships lack this privilege, though they can pursue criminal actions against aggrieved partners.
  2. Ability to Initiate Legal Action: Within a registered partnership, one or more partners possess the right to initiate legal proceedings if contracts with third parties are breached. This option is not extended to partners in unregistered partnerships.
  3. Set-Off Principle Application: A registered partnership firm can utilize the set-off principle when facing a claim from a third party seeking to recover owed sums, provided the said third party also owes an amount to the partnership. This mechanism allows the registered firm to offset its debt using the owed amount. Unregistered partnerships cannot take advantage of this arrangement.
  4. Enhanced Credibility: While both registered and unregistered partnership firms are legally recognized under the Partnership Act, the registration imparts a greater sense of credibility to a potential client when evaluating the firm’s legitimacy.
  5. Ability to convert into an entity: A partnership firm that is officially registered enjoys the advantage of being able to smoothly transform itself into a different corporate structure, such as a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) or a private company. This seamless conversion process is not extended to an unregistered firm.

Formation and Registration Procedure for a Partnership Firm:

Outlined below is the process for registering a partnership firm:

  1. Drafting the Partnership Deed: The initial step in registering a partnership firm is to prepare a partnership deed. This legal document outlines the terms and conditions agreed upon by the partners according to the Indian Partnership Act of 1932. The deed covers crucial aspects like profit and loss distribution, capital contributions, exit strategies, and more, tailored to the specific business requirements.
  2. Execution of the Partnership Deed: Once the partners reach a consensus on the partnership deed’s content, the deed must be executed. This involves paying the necessary stamp duty, which varies based on the state’s regulations. The deed also needs to be notarized, and all partners’ and witnesses’ signatures should be affixed.
  3. Stamp Duty and Notarization: The partnership deed’s execution involves adhering to stamp duty regulations outlined in the respective state’s Stamp Act. Stamp duty can be paid through non-judicial stamp paper or franking, which signifies the fulfillment of charges. Upon payment, partners and witnesses sign the deed, and it is subsequently notarized.
  4. Applying for PAN (Permanent Account Number): The application for a PAN card can be made either before or after partnership firm registration, through both online and offline modes. Many states allow PAN application during firm registration, supported by a copy of the partnership deed.
  5. Registration with the Registrar of Firms (RoF): Registering the partnership firm involves submitting details to the Registrar of Firms in the firm’s jurisdiction. This includes the firm’s name, partners’ information, business location, active duration, and necessary documentation as required by the Registrar.
  6. Establishing a Bank Account: To facilitate daily commercial activities, a current bank account is opened in the partnership firm’s name. Required partnership firm documents are submitted to the bank for account setup.


While the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, doesn’t mandate immediate registration, it’s advisable for partners to register their firm promptly. Delaying registration could restrict the ability to apply after a third party initiates legal action against the partnership. Therefore, practicality and foresight are crucial for partners when deciding to formally register their partnership firm.

CS Deepa Sharma

Author is a associate member of the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) and apart from that she holds LLB degree and Master in Commerce degree from Rajasthan University. She is having over 5 years of experience as a Practicing Company Secretary. She is well versed with all the matters related to Company Law and ROC matters, RERA , statutory reporting, Compliance Report and Corporate Governance. She is having good exposure in maintaining secretarial records as prescribed under Companies Act, 2013.

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