Significance of Accounting :
Meaning of Accounting
Significance of accounting is the process of recording financial transactions pertaining to a business. The accounting process includes summarizing, analyzing, and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies, regulators, and tax collection entities. The financial statements used in accounting are a concise summary of financial transactions over an accounting period, summarizing a company’s operations, financial position, and cash flows.
How Accounting works?
Accounting is one of the key functions of almost any business. It may be handled by a bookkeeper or an accountant at a small firm, or by sizable finance departments with dozens of employees at larger companies. The reports generated by various streams of accounting, such as cost accounting and managerial accounting, are invaluable in helping management make informed business decisions.
The financial statements that summarize a large company’s operations, financial position, and cash flows over a particular period are concise and consolidated reports based on thousands of individual financial transactions. As a result, all accounting designations are the culmination of years of study and rigorous examinations combined with a minimum number of years of practical accounting experience.
Characteristics of Accounting
The following are the characteristics of Accounting:
Why is Accounting important?
Accounting plays a vital role in running a business because it helps you track income and expenditures, ensure statutory compliance, and provide investors, management, and government with quantitative financial information which can be used in making business decisions.
There are three key financial statements generated by your records.
- The income statement provides you with information about the profit and loss
- The balance sheet gives you a clear picture on the financial position of your business on a particular date.
- The cash flow statement is a bridge between the income statement and balance sheet and reports the cash generated and spent during a specific period of time.
It is critical you keep your financial records clean and up to date if you want to keep your business afloat. Here are just a few of the reasons why it is important for your business, big or small!
It helps in evaluating the performance of the Business:
Your financial records reflect the results of operations as well as the financial position of your small business or corporation. In other words, they help you understand what’s going on with your business financially. Not only will clean and up to date records help you keep track of expenses, gross margin, and possible debt, but it will help you compare your current data with the previous accounting records and allocate your budget appropriately.
It ensures statutory compliances:
Laws and regulations vary from state to state, but proper accounting systems and processes will help you ensure statutory compliance when it comes to your business.
The accounting function will ensure that liabilities such as sales tax, VAT, income tax, and pension funds, to name a few, are appropriately addressed.
It helps to create budget and future projections:
Budgeting and future projections can make or break a business, and your financial records will play a crucial role when it comes to it.
Business trends and projections are based on historical financial data to keep your operations profitable. This financial data is most appropriate when provided by well-structured accounting processes.
It helps in filing financial statements:
Businesses are required to file their financial statements with the Registrar of Companies. Listed entities are required to file them with stock exchanges, as well as for direct and indirect tax filing purposes. Needless to say, accounting plays a critical role in all these scenarios.